Deng Xiaoping took smart advantage of the Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union encouraging the normalization of Beijing’s relations with Washington to open up U.S. technologies and trade to China’s emerging manufacturers. With America acting as handmaiden to China’s integration into the world economy and China having cheap labour, sitting at a crossroads of global trade, adapting the best of foreign development models to its own circumstances and maintaining a solid political commitment to economic reform, a unique combination of political and economic events converged that allowed China to develop as it has done over the past 30 years.
That, in summary, is the view of Andrey Denisov, Russia’s first deputy foreign affairs minster and the China hand among his country’s senior diplomats, given in an interview to Vestnik McKinsey, a Russian-language publication of the international management consultancy. (A shortened English version has been published in the McKinsey Quarterly.)
It is a conventional analysis with the exception of the Cold War point that Denisov says tends to be “overlooked” but for which he makes a compelling case that it was a critical catalyst. Denisov also provides the American or European reader with a necessarily different perspective on China’s development, and there are some telling if unstated comparisons with Russia’s own economic reforms after the collapse of the Soviet Union. (The Russian version is titled, The Chinese Path: Lessons for Russia.)
Denisov is similarly succinct about the challenges China faces in replacing imitation with innovation and in dealing with the environmental, farming, water and corruption problems that economic reform has brought. He also talks about Russia’s development of its own Far East and its future relations with Asia. Well worth the read.