Environmentalists can celebrate a rare triumph. The environment ministry has stopped the Xiaonanhai hydroelectric dam project on the Yangtze River. The dam is being built by China Three Gorges Corp. Its site lies 40 kms upstream from Chongqing and 700 kms upstream of the company’s eponymous dam that has become a poster child for the environmental damage that can be wreaked by large-scale infrastructure projects.
The location is significant. The dam was championed by disgraced Chongqing Party boss Bo Xilai, who redrew the boundaries of a nature preserve so construction could go ahead. Environmentalists have campaigned vigorously against damming the river at that point. Its waters contain 189 species of freshwater fish found nowhere else, two score of which are endangered. Economists have condemned the dam for its cost — $3.75 billion to build and electricity generation at more than three times the cost per gigawatt of other hydroelectric dams along the river.
Both are good reasons to call a halt to the project. However, the ministry does not have a reputation for being the most fearsome prosecutor of its brief to protect the environment in the face of the power of the ‘hydro-industrial complex’. Would it have vetoed the dam if its sponsor had been someone in better political standing than Bo?