Poor Rich Country

There are lies, damn lies and statistics, as the old saw has it. Then there is the World Bank’s shrinking of its estimate of the size of China’s economy.

The new number shows gross domestic product at $5.3 trillion in 2005 or 40% lower than previously estimated. It is based on purchasing power, and is intended to provide much needed up-to-date comparative growth data between economies. It still shows China as the second biggest economy after the U.S. (GP of $12 trillion) but with a GDP per capita at $4,091 of only 9.8% of America’s. China’s share of world GDP falls to 10% compared to 15% under the traditional measure, which does currency conversions at prevailing market rates.

The Bank’s president Robert Zoellick, who has been in China this week, says that the bank is drawing no policy conclusions from the revisions. But they could effect everything from China’s voting rights at the International Monetary Fund to how much aid and investment it gets from international institutions because it is poorer than thought — and especially when it comes to the adaption funds discussed at the recent UN conference on climate change in Bali by which rich countries would provide developing countries with finance and technology to help with the practical and social costs of reducing carbon emissions.

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